Diabetes is a very common disease that is caused when the body either does not produce enough insulin or does not use it properly, or it can be a combination of both. Did you know that more than 6% of the United States population has Diabetes? The condition makes it unable for the body to get sugar from the blood into the cells hence causing high blood levels. The blood glucose or blood sugar gets high while the blood glucose is the main source of energy when you eat.
This high quantity of glucose can cause serious health problems. Although it has no specific cure, but you can take some safety measures to manage your diabetes and stay healthy. You cannot identify the type of diabetes so you must consult your doctor in finding out which diabetes you are having. It is essential to know the basics of the common types of diabetes so that you can identify and take safety measures against them. There are three basic types of diabetes.
What is Diabetes and what are the different types?
Type I diabetes
Type II diabetes
Type I diabetes: The type I diabetes happens because of the immune system. When it attacks and destroys the beta cells mistakenly in your pancreas, it started producing insulin. Your immune system destroys cells in your pancreas that make insulin. It can be caused due to both environmental and genetic components. Some people say that lifestyle factors cause it, but this is not the case. If you have type I diabetes, your body does not make insulin. This type of diabetes is typically analyzed in kids and young people, in spite of the fact that it can show up at any age. Individuals facing type I diabetes need to take insulin consistently to remain alive.
Type II diabetes: Type II diabetes is the most common type of diabetes and it begins as insulin resistance which means your body can’t utilize insulin effectively. Due to this, it stimulates the pancreas to produce more insulin. With such a dangerous increase of insulin, the blood sugar becomes very high.
What causes the insulin resistance and type II diabetes is still unknown. There can be a lot of contributing factors like environmental or genetic reasons or any other health problem. The body lost its capability to make or use insulin. You can have type II diabetes at any age, in childhood or as an adult. Majority of this type of diabetes is common in middle aged and older people.
Gestational diabetes: Gestational diabetes is another type of diabetes. During pregnancy, insulin blocking hormone can develop hence causing gestational diabetes. This type of diabetes happens during pregnancies. Not only during pregnancy, it can prolong even after the baby is born. If you had gestational diabetes, the chance of having the type II diabetes later in your life also increases.
Monogenetic diabetes: The other less common types of diabetes include the monogenetic diabetes. It is the inherited form of diabetes and it is 1 to 5 percent in young people of all the diabetes cases.
Symptoms of Diabetes
Some of the common symptoms of diabetes:
Feeling excessive thirst or hunger
Slow healing of a wound
Numbness in hands or feet
Other than the environmental or genetic factors, there are some genetic syndromes and surgeries that can lead to high blood pressure and which ultimately causes diabetes. Glucagonoma is the condition in which body started producing high quantity of glucagon which causes diabetes. Cystic fibrosis is another major cause of diabetes in which mucus build up in lungs and digestive system.